MeSH2017年新語

このページでは、米国国立医学図書館(NLM)が作成するシソーラスである
MeSH(Medical Subject Headings)の2017年の新語の和訳と簡単な解説をしています。

Last Update 2017/10/15

A(解剖) B(生物) C(疾患) D(化学物質・薬物)
E(分析・診断・治療の技術・機器) F(精神医学・心理学) G(現象と過程) H(分野と業務)
(人類学・教育・社会学・社会現象) J(工業技術・産業・農業) K(人文科学) L(情報科学)
M(集団名と構成員) N(保健医療) V(出版特性) Z(地理)


MeSH2017年版の変更


[改訂の概要]
 ・新語  627語
 ・変更語 35語
 ・削除語 42語
 ・新規サブヘディング 1語
 ・削除サブヘディング 3語

[変更後のMeSHの概要]
 ・ディスクリプタ : 28,472語
 ・サブヘディング : 80語





カテゴリー別 2017年新語数

 MeSHは用語の種類によってカテゴリー別に階層関係になっている。カテゴリーは現在16に分かれ、2017年版ではこのうち15のカテゴリー、87のサブカテゴリーで変更があった。各カテゴリーはさらにいくつかのサブカテゴリーに細分化されており、2017年版で追加された各サブカテゴリーの新設語は下表の通りである。

A02 Musculoskeletal System 11
A03 Digestive System 1
A08 Nervous System 4
A10 Tissues 12
A11 Cells 16
A12 Fluids and Secretions 1
A13 Animal Structures 1
A15 Hemic and Immune Systems 3
A16 Embryonic Structures 1
B01 Eukaryota 18
B03 Bacteria 45
B04 Viruses 3
B05 Organism Forms 2
C01 Bacterial Infections and Mycoses 2
C02 Virus Diseases 1
C04 Neoplasms 3
C05 Musculoskeletal Diseases 18
C06 Digestive System Diseases 1
C07 Stomatognathic Diseases 1
C08 Respiratory Tract Diseases 1
C09 Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases 1
C10 Nervous System Diseases 13
C11 Eye Diseases 1
C12 Male Urogenital Diseases 2
C13 Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications 1
C14 Cardiovascular Diseases 5
C15 Hemic and Lymphatic Diseases 2
C16 Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities 8
C17 Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases 3
C18 Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases 2
C19 Endocrine System Diseases 2
C20 Immune System Diseases 2
C23 Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms 17
C25 Chemically-Induced Disorders 1
C26 Wounds and Injuries 21
D01 Inorganic Chemicals 2
D02 Organic Chemicals 4
D03 Heterocyclic Compounds 4
D04 Polycyclic Compounds 2
D05 Macromolecular Substances 6
D08 Enzymes and Coenzymes 83
D09 Carbohydrates 18
D10 Lipids 4
D12 Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins 187
D13 Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Nucleosides 2
D20 Complex Mixtures 1
D23 Biological Factors 23
D27 Chemical Actions and Uses 1
E01 Diagnosis 21
E02 Therapeutics 10
E04 Surgical Procedures, Operative 11
E05 Investigative Techniques 12
E07 Equipment and Supplies 6
F01 Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms 14
F02 Psychological Phenomena and Processes 3
F03 Mental Disorders 2
F04 Behavioral Disciplines and Activities 5
G01 Physical Phenomena 3
G02 Chemical Phenomena 27
G03 Metabolism 2
G04 Cell Physiological Phenomena 6
G05 Genetic Phenomena 8
G06 Microbiological Phenomena 1
G07 Physiological Phenomena 17
G08 Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena 3
G09 Circulatory and Respiratory Physiological Phenomena 1
G11 Musculoskeletal and Neural Physiological Phenomena 10
G12 Immune System Phenomena 1
G16 Biological Phenomena 5
H01 Natural Science Disciplines 4
H02 Health Occupations 7
I01 Social Sciences 12
I02 Education 4
I03 Human Activities 6
J01 Technology, Industry, and Agriculture 3
J02 Food and Beverages 5
J03 Non-Medical Public and Private Facilities 7
K01 Humanities 1
L01 Information Science 7
M01 Persons 41
N01 Population Characteristics 1
N02 Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services 40
N03 Health Care Economics and Organizations 6
N04 Health Services Administration 9
N05 Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation 12
N06 Environment and Public Health 7
V02 Publication Formats 2



Aカテゴリー(解剖)

 2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

A02 Musculoskeletal System 筋骨格系
Abdominal Oblique Muscles 腹斜筋
Annulus Fibrosus 線維輪
Aponeurosis 腱膜
Collateral Ligament, Ulnar 尺側側副靱帯
Coracoid Process 烏口突起
Gracilis Muscle 大腿薄筋
Hamstring Muscles 大腿屈筋
Hamstring Tendons 膝窩腱
Meniscus 半月板
Nucleus Pulposus 髄核
Rib Cage 胸郭

A03 Digestive System 消化器系
Esophageal Mucosa 食道粘膜

A08 Nervous System 神経系
Axon Initial Segment 軸索起始部
Grid Cells 格子細胞
Perirhinal Cortex 嗅周皮質
Place Cells 場所細胞

A10 Tissues 組織
Adipose Tissue, Beige ベージュ脂肪組織
Annulus Fibrosus 線維輪
Cancellous Bone 海綿骨
Cortical Bone 皮質骨
Esophageal Mucosa 食道粘膜
Hamstring Muscles 大腿屈筋
Margins of Excision 切除マージン
Meniscus 半月板
Nucleus Pulposus 髄核
Parenchymal Tissue 実質組織
Sentinel Lymph Node センチネルリンパ節
Tertiary Lymphoid Structures 三次リンパ組織様構造

A11 Cells 細胞
A549 Cells A549細胞
Adipocytes, Beige ベージュ脂肪細胞
Adult Germline Stem Cells 成体生殖系幹細胞
Autophagosomes オートファゴソーム
Axon Initial Segment 軸索起始部
Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts 癌関連線維芽細胞
Grid Cells 格子細胞
Mucosal-Associated Invariant T Cells MAIT細胞
Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells 骨髄性抑制性細胞
Oogonial Stem Cells 卵原幹細胞
Peripheral Blood Stem Cells 末梢血幹細胞
Place Cells 場所細胞
Pseudoautosomal Regions 偽常染色体領域
Synoviocytes 滑膜細胞
Tenocytes 腱細胞
Thyroid Epithelial Cells 甲状腺上皮細胞

A12 Fluids and Secretions 体液と分泌物
Nipple Discharge 乳頭分泌

A13 Animal Structures 動物用語
Gizzard, Non-avian 非鳥類砂嚢

A15 Hemic and Immune Systems 血液免疫系
Mucosal-Associated Invariant T Cells MAIT細胞
Sentinel Lymph Node センチネルリンパ節
Tertiary Lymphoid Structures 三次リンパ組織様構造

A16 Embryonic Structures 胚構造
Gubernaculum 導帯


Bカテゴリー(生物)

 2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

B01 Eukaryota 真核生物
Amaryllidaceae  
Asparagaceae  
Asparagales  
Camelidae  
Colchicaceae  
Endamoeba histolytica  
Gentianales  
Hypoxidaceae  
Liliales  
Loteae  
Melanthiaceae  
Ocimum sanctum  
Pogostemon  
Psacalium  
Saccharomyces boulardii  
Vigna  
Wolfiporia  
Xanthorrhoeaceae  

B03 Bacteria 細菌
Aeromonas veronii  
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens  
Bacillus clausii  
Bacillus coagulans  
Bacillus firmus  
Bacillus licheniformis  
Bacillus pumilus  
Bacteria, Thermoduric  
Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron  
Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus  
Bifidobacterium adolescentis  
Bifidobacterium animalis  
Bifidobacterium bifidum  
Bifidobacterium breve  
Bifidobacterium longum  
Bifidobacterium longum subspecies infantis  
Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum  
Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens  
Enterococcus hirae  
Escherichia coli O104  
Extraintestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli  
Faecalibacterium  
Faecalibacterium prausnitzii  
Lactobacillus crispatus  
Lactobacillus gasseri  
Lactobacillus johnsonii  
Lactobacillus paracasei  
Lactobacillus pentosus  
Lactobacillus sakei  
Lactobacillus salivarius  
Leuconostoc mesenteroides  
Megasphaera elsdenii  
Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria  
Paenibacillus larvae  
Paenibacillus polymyxa  
Pediococcus acidilactici  
Pediococcus pentosaceus  
Propionibacterium freudenreichii  
Pseudomonas chlororaphis  
Streptococcus gallolyticus  
Streptococcus gallolyticus subspecies gallolyticus  
Streptococcus iniae  
Streptococcus salivarius  
Tannerella forsythia  
Trichodesmium  

B04 Viruses ウイルス
Giant Viruses  
Influenza A Virus, H5N8 Subtype  
Virophages  

B05 Organism Forms 生物形態
Extremophiles  
Sentinel Species  


Cカテゴリー(疾患)

 2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

C01 Bacterial Infections and Mycoses 細菌性感染症・真菌症
Invasive Fungal Infections 侵襲性真菌症
Neonatal Sepsis 新生児敗血症

C02 Virus Diseases ウイルス疾患
Acute Retroviral Syndrome 急性レトロウイルス症候群

C04 Neoplasms 腫瘍
Breast Carcinoma In Situ 非浸潤性乳癌
Fibromatosis, Plantar 足底線維腫症
Giant Cell Tumor of Tendon Sheath 腱鞘巨細胞腫

C05 Musculoskeletal Diseases 筋骨格系疾患
Bunion バニオン
Coxa Magna 巨大骨頭
Crystal Arthropathies 結晶性関節炎
Diastasis, Bone 骨離開
Diastasis, Muscle 筋離開
Elbow Tendinopathy 肘関節腱障害
Enthesopathy 腱付着部症
Fibromatosis, Plantar 足底線維腫症
Fracture Dislocation 脱臼骨折
Giant Cell Tumor of Tendon Sheath 腱鞘巨細胞腫
Metatarsal Valgus 中足骨外反
Metatarsus Varus 中足骨内反
Morton Neuroma Morton神経腫
Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy 肩腱板断裂関節症
Salter-Harris Fractures Salter-Harris骨折
Talipes 彎足
Talipes Cavus 凹足
Tarsal Coalition 足根骨癒合

C06 Digestive System Diseases 消化器系疾患
Anorectal Malformations 肛門直腸奇形

C07 Stomatognathic Diseases 口顎疾患
Ankyloglossia 舌小帯短縮症

C08 Respiratory Tract Diseases 呼吸器疾患
Pneumonia, Necrotizing 壊死性肺炎

C09 Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases 耳鼻咽喉科疾患
Bilateral Vestibulopathy 両側性前庭障害

C10 Nervous System Diseases 神経系疾患
Acute Febrile Encephalopathy 急性熱性脳症
Bilateral Vestibulopathy 両側性前庭障害
Brain Contusion 脳挫傷
Brain Injuries, Diffuse 広汎性脳損傷
Brain Injuries, Traumatic 外傷性脳損傷
Cancer Pain 癌性疼痛
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy 慢性外傷性脳症
Emergence Delirium 覚醒時せん妄
Hyperekplexia 過剰驚愕症
Hypophysitis 下垂体炎
Morton Neuroma Morton神経腫
Small Fiber Neuropathy 小径線維ニューロパチー
Tardive Dyskinesia 遅発性ジスキネジア

C11 Eye Diseases 眼疾患
Cone-Rod Dystrophies 錐体杆体ジストロフィー

C12 Male Urogenital Diseases 男性泌尿生殖器疾患
Staghorn Calculi サンゴ状結石
Teratozoospermia 奇形精子症

C13 Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications 女性泌尿生殖器疾患・妊娠合併症
Staghorn Calculi サンゴ状結石

C14 Cardiovascular Diseases 心臓血管系疾患
Microaneurysm 毛細血管瘤
Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction 非ST上昇型心筋梗塞
ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction ST上昇型心筋梗塞
Stenosis, Pulmonary Artery 肺動脈狭窄症
Stenosis, Pulmonary Vein 肺静脈狭窄症

C15 Hemic and Lymphatic Diseases 血液・リンパ系疾患
Breast Cancer Lymphedema 乳癌リンパ浮腫
Lymphadenopathy リンパ節腫脹

C16 Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities 先天性遺伝性新生児疾患・奇形
Anorectal Malformations 肛門直腸奇形
Ciliopathies 繊毛関連疾患
Cone-Rod Dystrophies 錐体杆体ジストロフィー
Familial Multiple Lipomatosis 家族性多発性脂肪腫症
Neonatal Sepsis 新生児敗血症
Talipes 彎足
Talipes Cavus 凹足
Tarsal Coalition 足根骨癒合

C17 Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases 皮膚・結合組織疾患
Breast Carcinoma In Situ 非浸潤性乳癌
Familial Multiple Lipomatosis 家族性多発性脂肪腫症
Fibromatosis, Plantar 足底線維腫症

C18 Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases 栄養代謝疾患
Familial Multiple Lipomatosis 家族性多発性脂肪腫症
Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults 成人潜在性自己免疫性糖尿病

C19 Endocrine System Diseases 内分泌系疾患
Hypophysitis 下垂体炎
Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults 成人潜在性自己免疫性糖尿病

C20 Immune System Diseases 免疫系疾患
Acute Retroviral Syndrome 急性レトロウイルス症候群
Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults 成人潜在性自己免疫性糖尿病

C23 Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms 病状、徴候、症状
Alert Fatigue, Health Personnel 医療者アラーム疲労
Bilateral Vestibulopathy 両側性前庭障害
Body Remains 遺体
Breast Cancer Lymphedema 乳癌リンパ浮腫
Cancer Pain 癌性疼痛
Cellulite セルライト
Chromothripsis 染色体破砕
Emergence Delirium 覚醒時せん妄
Margins of Excision 切除マージン
Medically Unexplained Symptoms 医学的説明不能症状
Morton Neuroma Morton神経腫
Multiple Chronic Conditions 複合慢性症状
Neonatal Sepsis 新生児敗血症
Spontaneous Perforation 自然穿孔
Staghorn Calculi サンゴ状結石
Tardive Dyskinesia 遅発性ジスキネジア
Tertiary Lymphoid Structures 三次リンパ組織様構造

C25 Chemically-Induced Disorders 物質関連障害
Propofol Infusion Syndrome プロポフォール注入症候群

C26 Wounds and Injuries 創傷と損傷
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries 前十字靱帯損傷
Bankart Lesions Bankart損傷
Brain Contusion 脳挫傷
Brain Injuries, Diffuse 広汎性脳損傷
Brain Injuries, Traumatic 外傷性脳損傷
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy 慢性外傷性脳症
Crush Injuries 圧挫損傷
Degloving Injuries 手袋状剥皮損傷
Diastasis, Bone 骨離開
Diastasis, Muscle 筋離開
Elbow Tendinopathy 肘関節腱障害
Enthesopathy 腱付着部症
Fracture Dislocation 脱臼骨折
Fractures, Avulsion 剥離骨折
Microtrauma, Physical 身体的微小外傷
Myocardial Contusions 心筋挫傷
Rotator Cuff Injuries 肩腱板損傷
Salter-Harris Fractures Salter-Harris骨折
Shoulder Injuries 肩外傷
Surgical Wound 手術創
Tibial Meniscus Injuries 半月板損傷


Dカテゴリー(薬物・化学物質)

 2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

D01 Inorganic Chemicals 無機化合物
Polyelectrolytes  
Struvite  

D02 Organic Chemicals 有機化合物
Beta-Cryptoxanthin  
Dibenzofurans, Polychlorinated  
Dioxins and Dioxin-like Compounds  
Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins  

D03 Heterocyclic Compounds 複素環化合物
Dibenzofurans  
Dibenzofurans, Polychlorinated  
Heterocyclic Compounds, Fused-Ring  
Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins  

D04 Polycyclic Compounds 多環式化合物
Fused-Ring Compounds  
Oxysterols  

D05 Macromolecular Substances 高分子化合物
Dynactin Complex  
Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein  
Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta  
Polyelectrolytes  
SEC Translocation Channels  
Tensins  

D08 Enzymes and Coenzymes 酵素・補酵素
ADAM10 Protein  
ADAM12 Protein  
ADAM17 Protein  
ADAMTS Proteins  
ADAMTS1 Protein  
ADAMTS13 Protein  
ADAMTS4 Protein  
ADAMTS5 Protein  
ADAMTS7 Protein  
ADAMTS9 Protein  
APOBEC Deaminases  
APOBEC-1 Deaminase  
APOBEC-3G Deaminase  
Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial  
AlkB Enzymes  
AlkB Homolog 1, Histone H2a Dioxygenase  
AlkB Homolog 2, Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase  
AlkB Homolog 3, Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase  
AlkB Homolog 4, Lysine Demethylase  
AlkB Homolog 5, RNA Demethylase  
AlkB Homolog 8, tRNA Methyltransferase  
Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO  
Autophagy-Related Protein-1 Homolog  
Carbonic Anhydrase IX  
Checkpoint Kinase 1  
Chitinase-3-Like Protein 1  
Cholesterol 24-Hydroxylase  
Cyclophilin C  
Cytochrome P450 Family 1  
Cytochrome P450 Family 11  
Cytochrome P450 Family 12  
Cytochrome P450 Family 17  
Cytochrome P450 Family 19  
Cytochrome P450 Family 2  
Cytochrome P450 Family 21  
Cytochrome P450 Family 24  
Cytochrome P450 Family 26  
Cytochrome P450 Family 27  
Cytochrome P450 Family 3  
Cytochrome P450 Family 4  
Cytochrome P450 Family 46  
Cytochrome P450 Family 51  
Cytochrome P450 Family 6  
Cytochrome P450 Family 7  
Cytochrome P450 Family 8  
DEAD Box Protein 58  
DNA Ligase ATP  
Deubiquitinating Enzymes  
Discoidin Domain Receptor 1  
Discoidin Domain Receptor 2  
Discoidin Domain Receptors  
Endothelin-Converting Enzymes  
Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein  
Fertilins  
Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta  
Histidine Kinase  
Inositol Polyphosphate 5-Phosphatases  
Interferon-Induced Helicase, IFIH1  
Ku Autoantigen  
Leucine-Rich Repeat Serine-Threonine Protein Kinase-2  
Lysine Acetyltransferases  
Mismatch Repair Endonuclease PMS2  
MutL Protein Homolog 1  
MutL Proteins  
NIMA-Interacting Peptidylprolyl Isomerase  
NIMA-Related Kinase 1  
NIMA-Related Kinases  
Peptidyl-Prolyl Cis-Trans Isomerase NIMA-Interacting 4  
Phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-Trisphosphate 5-Phosphatases  
Phosphoinositide Phosphatases  
Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1  
Proprotein Convertase 9  
Prostaglandin-E Synthases  
Protein Deglycase DJ-1  
Protein Phosphatase 2C  
Retinoic Acid 4-Hydroxylase  
Soluble Guanylyl Cyclase  
Superoxide Dismutase-1  
Syk Kinase  
Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase  
Transcription Activator-Like Effector Nucleases  
Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha-Induced Protein 3  
Werner Syndrome Helicase  

D09 Carbohydrates 炭水化物
AC133 Antigen  
ADAM10 Protein  
ADAM12 Protein  
ADAM17 Protein  
ADAMTS Proteins  
ADAMTS1 Protein  
ADAMTS13 Protein  
ADAMTS4 Protein  
ADAMTS5 Protein  
ADAMTS7 Protein  
ADAMTS9 Protein  
Fertilins  
Fibrillin-1  
Fibrillin-2  
Fibrillins  
Fibromodulin  
Lumican  
Small Leucine-Rich Proteoglycans  

D10 Lipids 脂質
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Sub-Family G, Member 5  
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Sub-Family G, Member 8  
Apolipoprotein A-V  
Oxysterols  

D12 Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins アミノ酸、ペプチド、蛋白質
ADAM10 Protein  
ADAM12 Protein  
ADAM17 Protein  
ADAMTS Proteins  
ADAMTS1 Protein  
ADAMTS13 Protein  
ADAMTS4 Protein  
ADAMTS5 Protein  
ADAMTS7 Protein  
ADAMTS9 Protein  
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Sub-Family G  
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Sub-Family G, Member 1  
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Sub-Family G, Member 2  
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Sub-Family G, Member 5  
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Sub-Family G, Member 8  
Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial  
Antigen Peptide Transporter-1  
Antigen Peptide Transporter-2  
Antigens, CD99  
Apolipoprotein A-V  
Autophagy-Related Protein 12  
Autophagy-Related Protein 5  
Autophagy-Related Protein 7  
Autophagy-Related Protein 8 Family  
Autophagy-Related Protein-1 Homolog  
Autophagy-Related Proteins  
Bcl-2-Like Protein 11  
Beclin-1  
Butyrophilins  
CD48 Antigen  
CDX2 Transcription Factor  
Cadherin Related Proteins  
Calcium Release Activated Calcium Channels  
Carbonic Anhydrase IX  
Chitinase-3-Like Protein 1  
Cholesterol 24-Hydroxylase  
Connexin 26  
Cytochrome P450 Family 1  
Cytochrome P450 Family 11  
Cytochrome P450 Family 12  
Cytochrome P450 Family 17  
Cytochrome P450 Family 19  
Cytochrome P450 Family 2  
Cytochrome P450 Family 21  
Cytochrome P450 Family 24  
Cytochrome P450 Family 26  
Cytochrome P450 Family 27  
Cytochrome P450 Family 3  
Cytochrome P450 Family 4  
Cytochrome P450 Family 46  
Cytochrome P450 Family 51  
Cytochrome P450 Family 6  
Cytochrome P450 Family 7  
Cytochrome P450 Family 8  
Discoidin Domain Receptor 1  
Discoidin Domain Receptor 2  
Discoidin Domain Receptors  
Discoidins  
Dishevelled Proteins  
Dynactin Complex  
Dystonin  
ERG1 Potassium Channel  
Endoglin  
Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein  
Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule  
Fatty Acid-Binding Protein 7  
Fertilins  
Fibrillin-1  
Fibrillin-2  
Fibrillins  
Fibromodulin  
Forkhead Box Protein M1  
Forkhead Box Protein O1  
Forkhead Box Protein O3  
Glycodelin  
Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta  
Hemochromatosis Protein  
Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 1  
Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2  
Homeobox Protein Nkx-2.5  
Homer Scaffolding Proteins  
Huntingtin Protein  
Interleukin-1 Receptor-Like 1 Protein  
Jagged-1 Protein  
Jagged-2 Protein  
Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1  
Ku Autoantigen  
Leucine-Rich Repeat Serine-Threonine Protein Kinase-2  
Lipid Droplet Associated Proteins  
Lipocalin-2  
Liver X Receptors  
Lumican  
mating Factor  
Methyl-Accepting Chemotaxis Proteins  
Mismatch Repair Endonuclease PMS2  
Mitochondrial Uncoupling Proteins  
MutL Protein Homolog 1  
MutL Proteins  
N-Myc Proto-Oncogene Protein  
NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha  
NIMA-Related Kinase 1  
NIMA-Related Kinases  
NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein  
NLR Proteins  
Nanog Homeobox Protein  
Nogo Proteins  
Nogo Receptor 1  
Nogo Receptor 2  
Nogo Receptors  
ORAI1 Protein  
ORAI2 Protein  
PAX3 Transcription Factor  
PAX6 Transcription Factor  
PAX8 Transcription Factor  
PTB-Associated Splicing Factor  
Parkinson Disease Associated Proteins  
Patched Receptors  
Patched-1 Receptor  
Patched-2 Receptor  
Pediocins  
Peptidyl-Prolyl Cis-Trans Isomerase NIMA-Interacting 4  
Perilipin-1  
Perilipin-2  
Perilipin-3  
Perilipin-4  
Perilipin-5  
Perilipins  
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha  
Placenta Growth Factor  
Prion Proteins  
Promyelocytic Leukemia Protein  
Protein Deglycase DJ-1  
Pyrin  
RNA Splicing Factors  
Receptor, Notch3  
Regulatory Factor X Transcription Factors  
Regulatory Factor X1  
Retinoic Acid 4-Hydroxylase  
Retinoic Acid Receptor alpha  
S100 Calcium-Binding Protein A4  
SEC Translocation Channels  
SMARCB1 Protein  
Sequestosome-1 Protein  
Serrate-Jagged Proteins  
Signaling Lymphocytic Activation Molecule Associated Protein  
Signaling Lymphocytic Activation Molecule Family  
Signaling Lymphocytic Activation Molecule Family Member 1  
Small Leucine-Rich Proteoglycans  
Smoothened Receptor  
Snail Family Transcription Factors  
Soluble Guanylyl Cyclase  
Solute Carrier Proteins  
Splicing Factor U2AF  
Src Homology 2 Domain-Containing, Transforming Protein 1  
Src Homology 2 Domain-Containing, Transforming Protein 2  
Src Homology 2 Domain-Containing, Transforming Protein 3  
Stromal Interaction Molecule 1  
Stromal Interaction Molecule 2  
Stromal Interaction Molecules  
Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 1 Protein  
Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein  
Syk Kinase  
Tensins  
Transcription Activator-Like Effectors  
Transcription Factor HES-1  
Transcriptional Regulator ERG  
Trefoil Factor-1  
Trefoil Factor-2  
Trefoil Factor-3  
Trefoil Factors  
Tripartite Motif Proteins  
Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha-Induced Protein 3  
Tumor Protein p73  
Tumor Suppressor p53-Binding Protein 1  
Twist Transcription Factors  
Twist-Related Protein 2  
Uncoupling Protein 1  
Uncoupling Protein 2  
Uncoupling Protein 3  
Wnt-5a Protein  
X-Box Binding Protein 1  
Zinc Finger E-box-Binding Homeobox 1  
Zinc Finger Protein GLI1  
Zona Pellucida Glycoproteins  
beta-Arrestin 1  
beta-Arrestin 2  
beta-Arrestins  

D13 Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Nucleosides 核酸・ヌクレオチド・ヌクレオシド
Antagomirs  
DNA, Ancient  

D20 Complex Mixtures 混合物
Mastic Resin  

D23 Biological Factors 生物学的因子
AC133 Antigen  
ADAM10 Protein  
ADAM17 Protein  
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Sub-Family G, Member 2  
Antigens, CD99  
Beta-Cryptoxanthin  
CD48 Antigen  
Carbonic Anhydrase IX  
Endoglin  
Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule  
Hemochromatosis Protein  
Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 1  
Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2  
Jagged-1 Protein  
Jagged-2 Protein  
Ku Autoantigen  
Mating Factor  
Prion Proteins  
Serrate-Jagged Proteins  
Signaling Lymphocytic Activation Molecule Family  
Signaling Lymphocytic Activation Molecule Family Member 1  
Transcription Activator-Like Effectors  
Wnt-5a Protein  

D27 Chemical Actions and Uses 化学作用
Provitamins  



Eカテゴリー(分析・診断・治療の技術と機器)

 2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

E01 Diagnosis 診断
Balloon Enteroscopy バルーン小腸内視鏡
Barium Enema バリウム注腸
Blood Culture 血液培養
Breast Density 乳腺濃度
Computed Tomography Angiography CT血管造影
Cystography 膀胱造影
Endoscopic Mucosal Resection 内視鏡的粘膜切除術
Heart Rate Determination 心拍測定
Kinanthropometry キンアンソロポロメトリー
Laboratory Critical Values 検査閾値
Maximal Respiratory Pressures 最大呼吸圧
Pharmacogenomic Testing 薬理ゲノミクス検査
Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography PET-CT法
Single Molecule Imaging 単一分子イメージング
Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography Computed Tomography 単一光子放射断層撮影・X線断層撮影
Single-Balloon Enteroscopy シングルバルーン小腸内視鏡
Slit Lamp Microscopy スリットランプ検査
Sustained Virologic Response 持続性ウイルス学的著効
Traditional Pulse Diagnosis 脈診
Walk Test 歩行テスト
Walking Speed 歩行速度

E02 Therapeutics 治療法
Barium Enema バリウム注腸
Cardiac Rehabilitation 心臓リハビリテーション
Conservative Treatment 保存療法
Diet, Carbohydrate Loading カーボローディング食
Donor Conception ドナーの提供配偶子・胚による懐胎
Phage Therapy ファージ療法
Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction 後十字靱帯再建術
Standing Orders 継続発注
Stroke Rehabilitation 脳卒中リハビリテーション
Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction 尺側側副靱帯再建術

E04 Surgical Procedures, Operative 外科手術
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder 人工肩関節置換術
Balloon Enteroscopy バルーン小腸内視鏡
Closed Fracture Reduction 骨折非観血的整復術
Endoscopic Mucosal Resection 内視鏡的粘膜切除術
Fasciotomy 筋膜切開術
Open Fracture Reduction 開放骨折整復
Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction 後十字靱帯再建術
Prophylactic Mastectomy 予防的乳房切除
Single-Balloon Enteroscopy シングルバルーン小腸内視鏡
Sutureless Surgical Procedures 無縫合外科手技
Ulnar Collateral Ligament Reconstruction 尺側側副靱帯再建術

E05 Investigative Techniques 調査研究法
Blood Culture 血液培養
Donor Conception ドナーの提供配偶子・胚による懐胎
Gene Editing 遺伝子編集
In Vivo Dosimetry 生体内線量測定
Laboratory Critical Values 検査閾値
Network Meta-Analysis ネットワークメタアナリシス
Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity 酸素ラジカル吸収能
Patient Portals 患者ポータル
Patient Reported Outcome Measures 患者報告アウトカム評価
Pharmacogenomic Testing 薬理ゲノミクス検査
Simplified Acute Physiology Score 簡易急性生理学的スコア
Single Molecule Imaging 単一分子イメージング

E07 Equipment and Supplies 医用機器・資材用品
Bathroom Equipment 排泄用具
Cannula カニューレ
Fitness Trackers フィットネストラッカー
Punctal Plugs 涙点プラグ
Radiation Dosimeters 放射線量計
Shoulder Prosthesis 人工肩関節


Fカテゴリー(精神医学と心理学)

 2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

F01 Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms 行動・行動メカニズム
Alert Fatigue, Health Personnel 医療者アラーム疲労
Emergence Delirium 覚醒時せん妄
Harassment, Non-Sexual 非性的ハラスメント
Healthy Diet 健康食
Healthy Lifestyle ヘルシーライフスタイル
Host-Seeking Behavior 宿主探索行動
Moral Status 道徳状態
Orientation, Spatial 空間定位
Perfectionism 完全主義
Phototaxis 走光性
Sleep Hygiene 睡眠衛生
Taxis Response 走性応答
Vaccination Refusal ワクチン接種拒否
Vaping ベイピング

F02 Psychological Phenomena and Processes 心理現象・心理過程
Attentional Bias 注意バイアス
Orientation, Spatial 空間定位
Sleep Hygiene 睡眠衛生

F03 Mental Disorders 精神障害
Emergence Delirium 覚醒時せん妄
Phobia, Social 社会恐怖

F04 Behavioral Disciplines and Activities 行動規範と活動
Applied Behavior Analysis 応用行動分析
Cognitive Remediation 認知矯正療法
Ecological Momentary Assessment 生態学的瞬間評価
Emotion-Focused Therapy 感情焦点化療法
Mental Navigation Tests 心理ナビゲーション試験


Gカテゴリー(現象と過程)

 2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

G01 Physical Phenomena 物理学的現象
Nucleons 核子
Orthodontic Friction 矯正摩擦
Superconductivity 超伝導

G02 Chemical Phenomena 化学的現象
B30.2-SPRY Domain B30.2-SPRYドメイン
BTB-POZ Domain BTB-POZドメイン
C2 Domains C2ドメイン
CYS2-HIS2 Zinc Fingers Cys2-His2ジンクフィンガー
Caspase Activation and Recruitment Domain カスパーゼ活性化誘引ドメイン
Death Domain デスドメイン
Death Domain Superfamily デスドメインスーパーファミリー
Death Effector Domain デスエフェクタードメイン
Discoidin Domain ジスコイジンドメイン
Double-Stranded RNA Binding Motif 二本鎖RNA結合ドメイン
ETS Motif ETS領域
Fibronectin Type III Domain フィブロネクチンIII型ドメイン
Immunoglobulin Domains 免疫グロブリンドメイン
Kelch Repeat ケルチリピート
Methyl CpG Binding Domain メチルCpG結合ドメイン
Non-Neuronal Cholinergic System 非神経性コリン作動システム
Pleckstrin Homology Domains プレクストリン相同ドメイン
Protein Conformation, alpha-Helical α-ヘリカル構造
Protein Conformation, beta-Strand β-ストランド構造
Protein Domains タンパク質ドメイン
Protein Structural Elements タンパク質構造要素
Pyrin Domain パイリンドメイン
RNA Recognition Motif RNA認識領域
RNA-Binding Motifs RNA結合領域
Sterile Alpha Motif ステライルα領域
Tudor Domain Tudorドメイン
WD40 Repeats WD40リピート

G03 Metabolism 代謝
Non-Neuronal Cholinergic System 非神経性コリン作動システム
Tumor Hypoxia 腫瘍低酸素

G04 Cell Physiological Phenomena 細胞生理学的現象
Axon Fasciculation 軸索束形成
Axon Guidance 軸索ガイダンス
Eryptosis エリプトーシス
Neuronal Outgrowth 神経伸長
Non-Neuronal Cholinergic System 非神経性コリン作動システム
Tumor Hypoxia 腫瘍低酸素

G05 Genetic Phenomena 遺伝的現象
Chromothripsis 染色体破砕
Inbreeding Depression 近交退化
Life History Traits 生活史形質
Maternal Inheritance 母性遺伝
Paternal Inheritance 父性遺伝
Pharmacogenomic Variants 薬理ゲノミクスバリアント
Pseudoautosomal Regions 偽常染色体領域
Synthetic Lethal Mutations 合成致死変異

G06 Microbiological Phenomena 微生物学的現象
Mycobiome マイコビオーム

G07 Physiological Phenomena 生理学的現象
Axon Fasciculation 軸索束形成
Axon Guidance 軸索ガイダンス
Breast Density 乳腺濃度
Buttermilk バターミルク
Chocolate チョコレート
Cortical Excitability 皮質興奮性
Diet, Carbohydrate Loading カーボローディング食
Healthy Diet 健康食
Infradian Rhythm 長日周期
Kefir ケフィア
Koumiss 乳酒
Neuronal Outgrowth 神経伸長
Phototaxis 走光性
Provitamins プロビタミン
Taxis Response 走性応答
Thermotolerance 熱耐性
Ultradian Rhythm 超日周期

G08 Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena 生殖と泌尿器の生理学的現象
Axon Fasciculation  
Axon Guidance  
Neuronal Outgrowth  

G09 Circulatory and Respiratory Physiological Phenomena 循環・呼吸の生理学的現象
Cerebral Blood Volume  

G11 Musculoskeletal and Neural Physiological Phenomena 筋骨格・神経の生理学的現象
Axon Fasciculation  
Axon Guidance  
Cardiorespiratory Fitness  
Cortical Excitability  
High-Intensity Interval Training  
Neuronal Outgrowth  
Phototaxis  
Stair Climbing  
Taxis Response  
Walking Speed  

G12 Immune System Phenomena 免疫系現象
Immunogenicity, Vaccine  

G16 Biological Phenomena 生物学的現象
Extreme Environments  
Host-Seeking Behavior  
Life History Traits  
Mycobiome  
Thermotolerance  


Hカテゴリー(分野と業務)

 2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

H01 Natural Science Disciplines 自然科学分野
Pharmaceutical Research  
Pharmacy Research  
Proteogenomics  
Public Health Systems Research  

H02 Health Occupations 保健医療業務
Cardiac Rehabilitation  
Nuclear Pharmacy  
Pediatric Emergency Medicine  
Pharmacy Research  
Radiologic and Imaging Nursing  
Stroke Rehabilitation  
Surgical Oncology  


Iカテゴリー(人類学・教育・社会学・社会現象)

 2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

I01 Social Sciences 社会科学
Apartheid  
Body Remains  
Desegregation  
Expropriation  
Fiscal Policy  
Informal Sector  
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (U.S.)  
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (U.S.)  
Psychosocial Support Systems  
Social Segregation  
Vaccination Refusal  
Work-Life Balance  

I02 Education 教育
High Fidelity Simulation Training  
Mentoring  
Study Guide as Topic  
Teacher Training  

I03 Human Activities 人間活動
Anti-Vaccination MovemenT  
Cardiorespiratory Fitness  
Distracted Driving  
High-Intensity Interval Training  
Stair Climbing  
Work-Life Balance  


Jカテゴリー(工業技術・産業・農業)
 2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

J01 Technology, Industry, and Agriculture 工業技術・産業・農業
Biofortification  
Domestication  
Gardens  

J02 Food and Beverages 食品・飲料
Buttermilk  
Chocolate  
Kefir  
Koumiss  
Provitamins  

J03 Non-Medical Public and Private Facilities 非医療公共・民間施設
Farms  
Gardens  
Manufacturing and Industrial Facilities  
Non-Medical Public and Private Facilities  
Private Facilities  
Sports and Recreational Facilities  
Transportation Facilities  


Kカテゴリー(人文科学)

   2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

K01 Humanities 人文科学
Moral Status  


Lカテゴリー(情報科学)
 2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

L01 Information Science 情報科学
Calendars as Topic  
Call Centers  
Emergency Police Dispatcher  
Metadata  
Postcards as Topic  
Simplified Acute Physiology Score  
Standardized Nursing Terminology  


Mカテゴリー(集団名と構成員)

 2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

M01 Persons 人間
Alaska Natives  
Allergists  
Anesthesiologists  
Anesthetists  
Audiologists  
Cardiologists  
Case Managers  
Counselors  
Dermatologists  
Educational Personnel  
Emergency Medical Dispatcher  
Endocrinologists  
Endodontists  
Epidemiologists  
Faculty, Pharmacy  
Gastroenterologists  
Geriatricians  
Government Employees  
Neonatologists  
Nephrologists  
Neurologists  
Nurse Specialists  
Nurses, Neonatal  
Nurses, Pediatric  
Occupational Therapists  
Oncologists  
Ophthalmologists  
Optometrists  
Orthopedic Surgeons  
Otolaryngologists  
Pathologists  
Pediatricians  
Physiatrists  
Pilots  
Pulmonologists  
Radiation Oncologists  
Radiologists  
Rheumatologists  
School Teachers  
Sexual Minorities  
Urologists  


Nカテゴリー(保健医療)
 2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

N01 Population Characteristics 人口特性
Cardiorespiratory Fitness  

N02 Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services 保健医療施設・人的資源・サービス
Allergists  
Anesthesiologists  
Anesthetists  
Audiologists  
Cardiac Rehabilitation  
Cardiologists  
Case Managers  
Dermatologists  
Emergency Medical Dispatch  
Emergency Police Dispatcher  
Endocrinologists  
Endodontists  
Epidemiologists  
Gastroenterologists  
Geriatricians  
Morgue  
Neonatologists  
Nephrologists  
Neurologists  
Nurse Specialists  
Nurses, Neonatal  
Nurses, Pediatric  
Occupational Therapists  
Oncologists  
Ophthalmologists  
Optometrists  
Orthopedic Surgeons  
Otolaryngologists  
Pathologists  
Patient ComforT  
Pediatricians  
Pharmacogenomic Testing  
Physiatrists  
Pulmonologists  
Radiation Oncologists  
Radiologists  
Rheumatologists  
Stroke Rehabilitation  
Student Run Clinic  
Urologists  

N03 Health Care Economics and Organizations 保健医療経済・組織
Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015  
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (U.S.)  
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (U.S.)  
Patient Reported Outcome Measures  
Vaccination Refusal  
Value-Based Insurance  

N04 Health Services Administration 保健医療サービス管理
Alert Fatigue, Health Personnel  
Intersectoral Collaboration  
Minimal Clinically Important Difference  
Morgue  
Patient Reported Outcome Measures  
Professional Practice Gaps  
Strategic Planning  
Sustained Virologic Response  
Value-Based Insurance  

N05 Health Care Quality, Access, and Evaluation 保健医療の品質、アクセス、評価
Alert Fatigue, Health Personnel  
Global Burden of Disease  
Independent Medical Evaluation  
Minimal Clinically Important Difference  
Network Meta-Analysis  
Patient Reported Outcome Measures  
Professional Practice Gaps  
Public Health Systems Research  
Simplified Acute Physiology Score  
Standing Orders  
Sustained Virologic Response  
Vaccination Refusal  

N06 Environment and Public Health 環境保健・公衆衛生
Global Burden of Disease  
Kinanthropometry  
Mosquito Vectors  
Mycobiome  
Network Meta-Analysis  
Patient Reported Outcome Measures  
Simplified Acute Physiology Score  


Vカテゴリー(出版特性)

   2017年に追加されたMeSH用語は、以下の通りです。

V02 Publication Formats 出版形態
Calendars  
Study Guide  


Zカテゴリー(地理)




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